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There are three main bridge areas which include all the basic components of bridge: Foundation, Substructure, and Superstructure. Bridges are complex structures, and since they can be made with many different materials and truss types, their components are almost too numerous to count. Here you can get informed about basic bridge parts and components.
A trestle bridge is a bridge composed of a certain number of short spans which are supported by trestle frames. A trestle frame is a platform for supporting the weight and maintaining the stability of some object. This type of bridge is also called a trestle, because of a framework of frames which define the cross-section of a timber frame building or supports a trestle.
Tied-arch bridge is a bridge that carries itself and can be constructed at places that have problems with unstable soil. It can be problematic if it is not maintained properly but there are tied-arch bridges that are over a century old and are still in use.
A viaduct is a bridge composed of a series of spans or arches that carries a road or a railway across a valley or a gorge. A viaduct usually refers to long bridges or series of bridges connected to one another by arch structures.