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There are three main bridge areas which include all the basic components of bridge: Foundation, Substructure, and Superstructure. Bridges are complex structures, and since they can be made with many different materials and truss types, their components are almost too numerous to count. Here you can get informed about basic bridge parts and components.
Tied-arch bridge is a bridge that carries itself and can be constructed at places that have problems with unstable soil. It can be problematic if it is not maintained properly but there are tied-arch bridges that are over a century old and are still in use.
Beam bridge is the oldest and the simplest type of the bridge. It appeared when the first tree fell over the stream and a human crossed it. Today we still make bridges that use similar principle.
To enable better utilization of truss structures, engineers and architects from all around the world have devised many types of trusses that can be used for the creation of incredible amount of structures. You can learn more about those truss designs and benefits of truss use here.