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Iron Bridge of Shropshire is famous for being the first bridge created only from cast iron. Connecting the two sides of large Severn Gorge, this bridge served as the icon of the early English industrial revolution, one of the largest touristic destinations of the Shropshire region, and the inspiration for the creation of many other bridges that fully or partially use cast iron.
Rialto Bridge (Italian: Ponte di Rialto) is one of the oldest bridges that spans the Grand Canal of the Italian city of Venice at its shortest part and connecting city districts of San Marco and San Polo. Praised for its ageless looks and incredible tourist appeal, this bridge represents the best of what medieval renaissance Italy has managed to achieve.
Ponte Vecchio is the most famous historic bridge in the city of Florence. Originally erected over Arno River by Romans, it became a symbol of Renaissance Italy when it was rebuilt in the 14th century. Filled with goldsmith and jewelry shops and adorned with the elevated passageway above the main level, this bridge is like no other in the entire world.
During the history, islands were, more often than not, connected to the mainland by the way of boats. As the technology improved it was possible to build bridges to the islands, some over 20 kilometers long. Read more about sea bridges.